Concept Drift Adaption for Online Anomaly Detection in Structural Health Monitoring

Hongda Tian, Nguyen Lu Dang Khoa, Ali Anaissi, Yang Wang, Fang Chen

ACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management

Despite its success for anomaly detection in the scenario where only data representing normal behavior are available, one-class support vector machine (OCSVM) still has challenge in dealing with non-stationary data stream, where the underlying distributions of data are time-varying. Existing OCSVM-based online learning methods incrementally update the model to address the challenge, however, they solely rely on the location relationship between a test sample and error support vectors. To better accommodate normal behavior evolution, online anomaly detection in non-stationary data stream is formulated as a concept drift adaptation problem in this paper. It is proposed that OCSVM-based incremental learning is only performed in the case of a normal drift. For an incoming sample, its relative relationship with three sets of vectors in OCSVM, namely margin support vectors, error support vectors, and reserve vectors is fully utilized to estimate whether a normal drift is emerging. Extensive experiments in the field of structural health monitoring have been conducted and the results have shown that the proposed simple approach outperforms the existing OCSVM-based online learning algorithms for anomaly detection.

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